Name: Water Intake Tower #1 Chain of Rocks
Address: 1894 Materials: Red granite base rough cut limest
Standard Architectural Styles: Richardsonian Romanesque
Property Type Codes: Tower, intake
Designation: City Landmark
Tower #1 is located nearest to the Missouri shore at Chain of Rocks. Of the two towers, #1 appears more like a medieval castle, while #2 resembles an Italian Renaissance villa. The former has rough finish limestone walls with a round tower surmounted by a conical roof. In appearance, it has been compared to the famous Moure Tower in the Rhine near Bingen, Germany.
The reason for two towers is the fact that the waters of the Missouri and Mississippi are not sufficiently commingled at the Chain of Rocks. Tower #1 draws from Missouri River water, which flows closer to the shore, while #2 draws clearer water from the Mississippi, further out in the river.
By 1913, when construction of tower #2 began, the intake capacity of the older tower had become inadequate to meet the water needs of the City.
site was made possible by: the City of St. Louis Planning and Urban Design Agency and